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THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES

HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF STAFF AND LINE
WITH PORTRAITS OF GENERALS-IN-CHIEF

This work contains information on the Army branches of service, its regiments, and its Commanders, through the 1880's. 

THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES
HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF STAFF AND LINE WITH PORTRAITS OF GENERALS-IN-CHIEF


EDITED BY
THEO[PHILUS] F[RANCIS] RODENBOUGH BVT. BRIGADIER GENERAL U.S.A.
AND
WILLIAM L. HASKIN MAJOR, FIRST ARTILLERY


NEW YORK MAYNARD, MERRILL, & CO. 1896
COPYRIGHT, 1896,
BY
MAYNARD, MERRILL, & CO.




INTRODUCTION

It is with pleasure that I avail myself of an opportunity to commend this effort of the Military Service Institution to provide an authentic and condensed account of the services of the Army, from the creation of our military establishment to the present day. Each staff-corps and regiment of the line has here its chosen historian and its modest memoir replete with biographical as well as historical data. Its form gives it a unique character of special value as a work of reference. It represents a completion of a series of historical sketches which have appeared from time to time during the last few years in the Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States, and comprises an amount of gratuitous labor by contributors and of public spirit on the part of the publishers that merits public acknowledgment. I have no hesitation in saying that it deserves a place in every public library, and is worthy of preservation by all collectors of military works.

NELSON A. MILES,
Major-General
Commanding the Army.

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
WASHINGTON, D. C., NOV. 15, 1895.


CONTENTS.

[CORPS OR UNIT] [AUTHOR] PAGE
INTRODUCTION Maj.-Gen. Nelson A. Miles iii
ESPRIT DE CORPS Capt. Charles King ix

STAFF CORPS AND DEPARTMENTS.

Adjutant General's Department Gen. J. B. Fry 1
Inspector General's Department Major J. P. Sanger 12
Judge Advocate General's Department Col. J. W. Clous 33
Quartermaster's Department Capt. O. F. Long 38
Subsistence Department Gen. J. W. Barriger 67
Medical Department Major Chas. Smart 83
Pay Department Col. A. B. Carey 100
Corps of Engineers Gen. H. L. Abbot 111
Ordnance Department Major C. E. Dutton 126
Signal Corps Capt. Wm. A. Glassford 136

THE LINE.

First Regiment of Cavalry Capt. R. P. P. Wainwright 153
Second Regiment of Cavalry Major A. E. Bates and Capt. E. J. McClernand 173
Third Regiment of Cavalry Capt. Chas. Morton 193
Fourth Regiment of Cavalry Gen. T. F. Rodenbough 211
Fifth Regiment of Cavalry Capt. Eben Swift 221
Sixth Regiment of Cavalry Capt. Wm. H. Carter 232
Seventh Regiment of Cavalry Major R. A. Garlington 251
Eighth Regiment of Cavalry Capt. C. M. O'Connor 268
Ninth Regiment of Cavalry Lieut. Grote Hutcheson 280
Tenth Regiment of Cavalry Capt. John Bigelow, Jr 288
First Regiment of Artillery Major W. L. Haskin 301
Second Regiment of Artillery Lieut. W. A. Simpson 312

v

Third Regiment of Artillery Lieut. W. B. Birkhimer 328
Fourth Regiment of Artillery Lieut. A. B. Dyer 351
Fifth Regiment of Artillery Lieut. J. C. Bush 376
First Regiment of Infantry Military Service Institution 401
Second Regiment of Infantry Lieut. W. M. Wright 414
Third Regiment of Infantry Lieut. J. H. McRae 432
Fourth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. J. A. Leyden 452
Fifth Regiment of. Infantry Military Service Institution 466
Sixth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. Chas. Byrne 480
Seventh Regiment of Infantry Lieut. A. B. Johnson 498
Eighth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. R. H. Wilson 511
Ninth Regiment of Infantry Capt. E. B. Robertson 526
Tenth Regiment of Infantry Capt. S. Y. Seyburn 531
Eleventh Regiment of Infantry Major J. H. Patterson and Capt. R. J. C. Irvine 545
Twelfth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. Chas. W. Abbott, Jr. 555
Thirteenth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. J. B. Goe 575
Fourteenth Regiment of Infantry Col. T. M. Anderson 586
Fifteenth Regiment of Infantry Capt. H. R. Brinkerhoff 610
Sixteenth Regiment of Infantry Capt. W. V. Richards 629
Seventeenth Regiment of Infantry Capt. Chas. St. J. Chubb 634
Eighteenth Regiment of Infantry Lieut. C. H. Cabaniss, Jr. 643
Nineteenth Regiment of Infantry Capt. C. C. Hewitt 657
Twentieth Regiment of Infantry Capt. J. N. Coe 666
Twenty-First Regiment of Infantry Capt. Fred. H. E. Ebstein 673
Twenty-Second Regiment of Infantry Capt. O. M. Smith 680
Twenty-Third Regiment of Infantry Lieut. J. K. Thompson 692
Twenty-Fourth Regiment of Infantry Capt. H. W. Hovey 695
Twenty-Fifth Regiment of Infantry Capt. George Andrews 697

APPENDIX

I. Circular of the Publication Committee 703
II. Extract from the Minutes of the Publication Committee 704
III. The First Infantry 704
IV. The Seventh Infantry 704
V. The Fourteenth Infantry 705
VI. Dates of Important Campaigns, etc. 706
VII. Table of Losses of Regular Regiments during 1861-65 709

vi

PORTRAITS.

[Note: Images will not be reproduced here.]

GENERAL OFFICERS COMMANDING THE ARMY.

    FACE PAGE
Josiah Harmar, Brevet Brigadier-General 1789-91 ix
Arthur St. Clair, Major-General 1791-92 33
Anthony Wayne, Major-General 1792-96 83
James Wilkinson, Brigadier-General  1796-98
1800-12
111
George Washington, Lieut.-General 1798-99 title
Alexander Hamilton, Major-General 1799-1800 153
Henry Dearborn, Major-General 1812-15 193
Jacob Brown, Major-General 1821-28 251
Alexander Macomb, Major-General 1828-41 301
Winfield Scott, Major-General 1841-61 351
George Brinton McClellan, Major-General 1862-62 401
Henry Wager Halleck, Major-General 1862-64 452
Ulysses Simpson Grant, General 1864-69 511
William Tecumseh Sherman, General 1869-83 545
Philip Henry Sheridan, General 1883-88 575
John McAllister Schofield, Lieut.-General 1888-95 629
Nelson Appleton Miles, Major-General 1895 657

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