Traveling south on I-81, take exit 75 ("Strasburg"), turn left (south) on US 11, go 1 mile and turn right (west) into "Wayside Wonderland." Circle the rail fence at the entrance and park at the side of the gravel road. The trenches begin 40 yards farther down the hill (US 11), at VA highway marker A-19. Follow the trenchline west approximately 150 yards to the 3 crescent-shaped artillery positions.
Hupp's Hill played a significant role throughout the Cedar Creek operation. Jubal Early's entire force showed itself here on 13 October in an effort to draw the Federals into battle from their positions north of Cedar Creek. Union positions across Cedar Creek were fired on by Confederate artillery. The Federal First Division, VIII Corps attacked across Cedar Creek and a sharp fight ensued. The Federal brigade commander was killed and his forces lost over 200 men. Conner's Brigade of Kershaw's Confederate Division lost nearly 180 men and Brigadier General James Conner was seriously wounded. This engagement took place mostly between Cedar Creek and the Signal Knob Restaurant on US 11.
Early withdrew to Fisher's Hill the night of 13 October but each day thereafter he sent out a brigade to Hupp's Hill to observe Federal activities. General John B. Gordon came to Hupp's Hill on 17 October in order to begin planning for an attack. He ruled out an attack down the Pike because of the evident frontal strength of the Federal positions.
By 0430 on the morning of 19 October, Wharton's Division had moved up to Hupp's Hill from Fisher's Hill to be in a position to support the main attack farther east. When Wharton heard Kershaw's attack open, he moved forward to Stickley Hill and then to Cedar Creek. At about the same time, the Confederate artillery under Colonel Tom Carter rushed from Fisher's Hill to Hupp's Hill and began firing on Federal positions by about 0515. It moved to positions north of Cedar Creek after 0600.
The I-81 interchange is close to the crest of Stickley Hill where Confederate rear guards vainly tried to establish a second of three defensive lines on the evening of 19 October. Later, George Custer positioned himself on Stickley Hill to direct the movement of his regiments against the retreating Confederates. He was joined there during the pursuit by Colonel Thomas C. Devin of Merritt's Cavalry Division. Captured Confederate materiel was collected on Stickley Hill first before being taken to Belle Grove.
If you wish to travel directly to Stop 2, turn to the directions at Stop 2.
Go to Stop 1A