AGF Study No. 8: Reorganization of Ground Troops for Combat  

REFERENCES  

 

1. (1) Cir 59, WD, 2 Mar 43. (2) SPXPC 320.2(3-13-42) to CGs AGF, AAF, SOS, 31 Mar 42, sub: Policies Governing T/O's & T/E's. In 320.3/123.

2. See below, p 31-32.

3. (1) AGF memo for G-4 WD, 1 Dec 43, sub: Tables of Equipment. In 320.3/674. (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 24 Jan 44, sub: Standing Operating Procedure for Processing T/Os and T/E's...In 320.3/103 (S). The Organization Division, Requirements Section, was headed by Colonel L. H. Frasier, GSC.

4. "Report of the Field Service Test of the Proposed Infantry Division," with appendices A-F, 21 Mar 38. In McNair papers, AWC Records.

5. Memo of Gen McNair for OPD, 18 Apr 42, sub: Improvement of Equipment and Organization, U. S. Army. In 475/518.

6. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 21 May 43, sub: Proceedings of Harmon Board. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

7. (1) WD ltr AG 320.2(11-4-35)M/Sc F-M, 5 Nov 43, sub: Reorganization of the Division and Higher Units. (2) Army War College, Report of Special Committee, 2-1936-12, vol I, 21 Dec 35, sub as above. (3) WD staff study, no file number, 30 Jul 36, sub: Initial Report of the Organization Committee on Modernization of the Army with Special Reference to the Infantry Division, Cpy in McNair papers, AWC Records.

8. SPXPC 320.2(3-13-42) to CGs AGF, AAF, SOS, 31 Mar 42, sub: Policies Governing T/Os and T/E's. In 320.3/123. Reissued Memo W 310-9-43, WD, 22 Mar 43, sub as above, and Memo W 310-44, WD, 26 Jan 44, sub as above.

9. See (1) personal ltr Gen McNair to Brig Gen G. R. Allin, 9 Jan 41. In McNair Correspondence. (2) Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 31 Jan 42, sub: Substitution of Combat Engineer Regiment for General Service Regiment in Type Army. In GHQ file 322. 11/7-5.

10. Memo of the CofS, USA, for the President, undated but earlier than 2 Apr 42, sub: Basis for Preparation of Attached Outline Plan for Invasion of Western Europe. In AGF Plans Sec file 20/1(S).

11. AGF memo for OPD, 2 Apr 42, sub: Operations Plan - Western Europe. In AGF Plans Sec file 20/3 (S).

12. Memo for CofS, AGF, 1 May 42, sub: Meeting of Bolero Committee. In Plans Sec file 20/6 (S).

13. Memo of Col Lemnitzer, AGF for Col Parks, AGF, 11 June 42, sub: Bolero Conference 11 June 1942. In Plans Sec file 20/30 (S).

14. WD memo WDGS 451(5-10-42)for CGs AAF, AGF, 12 May 42, sub: Reduction in Requirements of Motor Vehicles. In 451/13 (C).

15. Published tables dated 1 Apr 42.

16. AGF M/S, Rqts to G-4, G-3, CG, 27 Oct 42. In 320.2/383 (S).

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17. M/R on cpy of AGF memo for CG SOS, 17 Jun 42, sub: T/O's and T/BA's for Units of SOS with AGF. In 320.3/348.

18. SP 320.2(2-20-42)OP-A-M, 13 Mar 42, sub: Allotment of Officers as Assistants to G-4. In 320.2/1914.

19. Memo of Gen McNair for CofS, USA, 17 Mar 42, sub: WD ltr SP 320.2(2-20-42) OP-A-M - Mar 13, 1942. In 320.2/1510.

20. Personal memo of CofS, USA, for Gen McNair, 31 Mar 42, sub as above. In 320.2/1914.

21. Memo of Gen McNair for CG SOS, 29 May 42, sub: Coordinated Automotive Maintenance. In 451/666. See also memo of Gen McNair for CG FF, 2 Feb 42, sub: Field Artillery Organization, Triangular Division. In GHQ files 320.2/37(FA)-F.

22. Memo of Gen McNair for CG SOS, 21 Apr 42, sub: Transportation for Motor Maintenance. In 451/464.

23. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, Apr 42. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec files.

24. See published T/O's of 1 Apr 42 with changes.

25. AGF memo for DCofS, USA, 10 May 42, sub: Substitution of Trailers for Trucks in T/BA's. In 400.34/9, incl 1 (S).

26. (1) AGF M/S, CG to G-4, 29 Sep 42. In 451/66(C). (2) Memo of Gen McNair for OPD, 9 Jun 42, sub: Reduction of Transportation and Substitution of Light for Heavy Vehicles in Bolero.

27. Memo of the CofS, USA, WDCSA 451 for Gen McNair, 28 Sep 42. In 451/66(C).

28. WD ltr AG 400 OB-S-C to CGs, AGF, AAF, SOS, 2 Oct 42, sub: Review of Organization and Equipment Requirements. In 320.2/383 (S).

29. Memo of Gen McNair for CofS, USA, 8 Oct 42, sub: Excessive Number of Motor Vehicles. In 451/66(C).

30. WD memo WDGCT 451 (l0-8-42)f or CG AGF, 30 Oct 42, sub as above. In 451/66 (C).

31. (1) Memo of Gen Paul for CofS, AGF, 18 Sep 42. In 337/29. (2) AR 310-60, 12 Oct 42.

32. AGF memo (with attached papers) for CG SOS, 24 Oct 42; sub: T/O's and T/E's for SOS Units. In 320.3/507.

33. Memo of Gen Marshall for Gen McNair, 21 Oct 42. In 320.2/383 (S).

34. AGF M/S, CG to G-4, Rqts, 23 Oct 42. In 320.2/383 (S).

35. The Board was composed of Col J. L. Whitelaw, Lt Col W. J. Eyerly, Lt Col A. D. MacLean. It was dissolved 23 Jun 43. See 334/3(R).

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36. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (10-25-42)for CGs, AGF, SOS, 25 Oct 42, sub: Troop Basis 1943. In 320.2/5 TB 43 (S). (2) AGF M/S, DCofS to staff sections, 26 Oct 42. In AGF Plans Sec file No 185 TB 42 (S).

37. Annex A to Memo JCS 134/3, 26 Nov 42. In 334/8 Joint Chiefs (S). See Studies Nos 3, 4 and 13 in the History of Army Ground Forces.

38. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (10-25-42)for CGs, AGF, SOS, 25 Oct 42, sub: Troop Basis 1943. In 320.2/5 TB 43 (S).

39. See Studies Nos 3 and 4 in the History of AGF. According to the Report of the Superior Board on Organization and Tactics, AEF, 1 Jun 19, 3,000,000 U.S. troops were scheduled to be in France early in 1919, of which 640,000 were to be SOS troops, leaving 2,360,000 combat-zone troops. In AWC Library, US 10 U3 1919.

40. 1st ind, Gen J. J. Pershing to TAG, 16 Jun 20, sub: Report of the Superior Board on Organization and Tactics, AEF. In AWC Library, UA 10 U 3 1919.

41. Staff study, no file number, 30 Jun 36, sub: Initial Report of the Organization Committee on Modernization of the Organization of the Army . . . Cpy in McNair papers, AWC Records.

42. Memo of USW for CG AGF, 22 May 42. In 321/78 CAC (S).

43. Memos of Gen McNair for SW, 13 May and 29 Jul 42. In 321/78 CAC (S). See also AGF memo for G-3 WD, 5 Nov 42, sub: AA Defense. In 320.2/12 AA (C).

44. Memo of Gen J. L. Devers for CofS, USA, 1 Nov 42. In 354.1/8 Desert (C).

45. Report of the M/Ssion headed by Lt Gen Jacob L. Devers to examine the problems of armored force units in the European Theater of Operations. Undated (Feb 43). In 319.1/32 Foreign Observers (S).

46. AGF M/S, G-3 to Sec GS, 16 Feb 43. In 400/4 Top Secret.

47. Memo of Gen McNair for SW, 17 Feb 43, sub: Gen Devers' Report of his Observations Overseas. In 400/4 Top Secret.

48. (1) Memo 700-9-43, WD, 11 Feb 43. (2) Memo SPOPI 470 (5-4-43) for CGs AGF, AAF, 8 May 43, sub: Armament of Service Units. In 470/16 (S).

49. AGF memo for CG ASF, 15 Jun 43, sub as above. In 470/16 (S).

50. Memo 310-44, WD, 23 Feb 44, restates Memo 700-9-43, WD, 11 Feb 43

51. Cpy of AGF Ground Rules in AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec file; also attached to AGF ltrs to Armd Force and TDC, 12 Nov 42, sub: Reduction of Personnel and Vehicles. In 320.2/340 (C).

52. Memo of Col W. J. Eyerly for CG AGF, 20 May 43, sub: Status Report of the Reduction Board. (Hereafter ref to as Red Bd). In 334/8 AGF.

53. AGF M/S, Red Bd to CofS, 8 Feb 43. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec file "320.30 Red Bd."

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54. (1) WD memo WDGCT 320 Gen(1-29-43) for CGs AAF, AGF, SOS, 29 Jan 43, sub: Reduction of Training Establishments and other Zone of Interior Activities. In 320.2/262 (C). (2) WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (2-25-43) for G-1, G-4, OPD, AGF, SOS, AAF, 25 Feb 43, sub: Troop Basis Planning. In 320.2/18 TB 43 (S). The expectation is here stated of eventually having 120 to 125 divisions within an enlisted strength of 7,500,000. Of these, some would be armored, airborne. etc., not standard infantry. See Study No 4 of the present series.

55. This whole section is based mainly on comparison of published T/Os of 1 Mar 43 with those of 1942, and on relevant materials in AGF files. On the infantry regiment and its components see T/O 7-11 and related tables, and AGF memo for G-3 WD, 4 Feb 43, sub: "T/O and E's, Inf Regt." In 321/674 Inf.

56. AGF M/S, Rqts to CG, 3 Oct 42. In 451/66 (C).

57. T/O 7-13 and AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 2 Dec 42. In 321/270 MP.

58. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 28 Dec 42. In 320.3/636.

59. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 27 Nov 42. In 320.3/78 FA. See also AGF memo for G-3 WD, 8 Feb 43, sub: T/O and E for Div Arty, Inf Div. In 321/471 FA and T/O 6-10 and related tables.

60. "Attached Signal" troops were provided, for example, in the proposals of 1936; see staff study cited in note 41 above.

61. AGF ltr to CGs, 8 Oct 43, sub: Engineer Service in the Field. In 321/212 Engr.

62. (1) AGF M/S, Engr to G-4, CofS, 4 Sep 43. In 321/212 Engr. (2) AGF M/S, CG to G-4, 20 Feb 43, sub: Changes in FM 100-10. In 461/12 FM 100-10. (3) Memo of G-4 AGF for CG AGF, sub: Report on Progress of FM 100-10. In 461/12 FM 100-10. (4) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 10 Mar 43. In 321/1243 QM.

63. Memo of Gen McNair for CofS, USA, 8 Oct 42, sub: Excessive Number of Motor Vehicles. In 451/66 (C).

64. T/O 2-27 and AGF memo for G-3 WD, 4 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E Reconnaissance Troop. In 321/157 Cav.

65. T/O 8-15 and AGF memo for G-3 WD, 16 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E, Medical Battalion. In 321/725 Med, with accompanying papers.

66. T/O 5-15 and AGF memo for G-3 WD, 21 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E Engineer Combat Battalion, Infantry Division. In 321/712 Engr.

67. T/O 11-7 and AGF memo for G-3 WD, 3 Mar 43, sub: T/O & E 11-7 Signal Co. Inf Div. In 321/756 Sig.

68. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 15 Dec 42. In 321/714 Ord.

69. AGF M/S, Red Bd to CG, 19 Dec 42. In 321/714 Ord. See also AGF Memo for WD, 2 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E 9-8, Ord Co, Lt Maint. In 321/714 Ord.

70. (1) AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 2 Dec 42. In 321/270 MP. (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 13 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E 10-17, QM Co, Inf or Mtz Div. In 321/1243 QM, with accompanying papers.

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71. See below on the Mtz Div.

72. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 16 Feb 43, sub: T/O & E 19-7, MP Plat, Inf Div. In 321/270 MP.

73. On Div Hq & Hq Co see (1) Various AGF M/S, Jan 43, in 320.3/66 Inf. (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 9 Mar 43, sub: T/O & E, Inf Div. In 321/688 Inf.

74. 3d Ind AGF to TAG, 7 Apr 43, with attached papers. In 320.3/17 (C).

75. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (6-4-43) for CofS, USA, 8 Jun 43, sub: Revised Inf Div. In AGO Classified Files 320.3(8 Jun 43) (1). (2) M/R on cpy of WD memo WDGCT 320.2 T/O (18 Jun 43), 18 Jun 43, sub: Revision of T/O and E's for Inf Div. In AGO Central Files 320.3.

76. Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen F. L. Parks, 12 Apr 43. In McNair Correspondence.

77. See Studies Nos 3 and 4 in the present series.

78. Radio CM-In-550 (S), Eisenhower to WD, 1 Jun 43. See also Radio CM-In-9356 (S), Devers to WD, 14 May 43.

79. Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 3 Jun 43, sub: Reduced Inf Div. In 322/2 Divs (S).

80. See Studies Nos 3 and 4 of the present series.

81. (1) WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (6-4-43) for CofS, USA, 8 Jun 43, sub: Revised Inf Div. In AGO Classified Files 320.3 (8 Jun 43) (1) (2) WD memo WDGCT 320.2 T/O (18 Jun 43) to CG AGF, 18 Jun 43, sub: Revision of T/0 and E's for the Inf Div. In 320/63 Inf (S). (3) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 9 Jul 43, sub as above. In 320.3/661. (4) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 1 Jun 43, sub: Recommended Changes in T/O's. In 322/3 Divs (S).

82. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 1 Jun 43, sub: Recommended Changes in T/O's. In 322/3 Divs (S). (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 27 Nov 43, sub: Revision of FM 101-5. In 322.01/5.

83. AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 23 Jun 43. In 320.2/191 AGF.

84. AGF M/S, CG to Red Bd, 10 Mar 43. In 320.2/24 Armd Force (S).

85. For example, (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 5 Nov 42, sub: AA Defense. In 320.2/12 AA (C). (2) Personal ltr Gen McNair to Col J. A. Consadine, 4 Jun 42. In McNair Correspondence.

86. Memo of Gen McNair (dictated by Gen McNair, signed by Gen J. G. Christiansen) for G-3 WD, 20 Jul 43, sub: Comments on Maj Gen Harmon's Report. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

87. AGF M/S, CG to Red Bd, 23 Feb 43. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec file.

88. Personal ltr Gen Devers to Gen McNair, 18 Jul 42. In McNair Correspondence.

89. Lt Gen J. L. Devers, Deputy Comdr of the North African Theater of Operations, "Tactical Notes from the Italian Campaign," Military Review, Oct 44.

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90. See (1) 2d Ind AGF to Armd Force, May 1942. In 320.2/1 Armd Force (S). (2) Memo of 7 Dec cited below.

91. Ltr of Gen McNair to CG Armd Force, 24 Aug 42, sub: Proportion of Ind in Armd Div. In 320.2/18 Armd Force (C).

92. Ltr of Gen Devers to CG AGF, 6 Nov 42, sub: Grenadier Brigades of Panzer Divisions. In 320.2/18 Armd Force (C).

93. Papers, including a study by Col R. F. Ennis, AGF. In 320.2/18 Armd Force (C).

94. Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 OPD, 7 Dec 42, sub: Org of Armd Units. In 320.2/18 Armd Force (C).

95. WD memo MID 904 (1-11-43) for CofS, USA, 11 Jan 43, sub: Trends in Org of Armd Forces. In 320.2/20 Armd Force (S).

96. This paper has not been located, but is referred to in Gen McNair's memo of 28 Jan 43 and elsewhere.

97. Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 28 Jan 43, sub: Trends in Org of Armd Forces. In 320.2/20 Armd Force (S).

98. Personal ltr Gen McNair to Maj Gen E. N. Harmon, 3 Apr 44. In McNair Correspondence.

99. Transcript of discussion at conference between AGF and Armd Force officers on 17 Mar 43 is included in file 320.2/26 Armd Force (S).

100. Maj Gen E. N. Harmon, "Report on Combat Experience and Battle Lessons for Training Purposes," to AFHQ, 13 Jun 43. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

101. On this and following paragraph. (1) Personal ltr Gen Devers to Gen McNair, 1 Dec 42. In 320.2/422 Armd Force. (2) Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen Patton, 21 Aug 43. In McNair Correspondence. (3) Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen Harmon, 3 Apr 44. In McNair Correspondence. (4) Correspondence between AGF and Armd Force. In 320.2/66 Armd Force (R). (5) Armd Force ltr to AGF, 11 Jun 43, sub: T/O's & T/E's for Armd Force Units. In 320.2/487 Armd Force. (6) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 23 Jun 43, sub as above. In 320.2/66 Armd Force (R). (7) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 1 Sep 43, sub as above. Ibid. (8) Published T/O 17 and related tables of 15 Sep 43.

102. Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen Patton, 21 Aug 43. In McNair Correspondence.

103. See below, pp.

104. See, for example, "Report of Lt. Col. F. Bacon on Luzon Operations," 1 Mar 45. In AGF Dissemination Division.

105. (1) AGF M/S, CG to Rqts, 2 Feb 43. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec file. (2) Items in note 101 above. (3) WD G-3 memo for CG AGF, 22 Jul 43. In 320.2/66 Armd Force (R).

106. Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen Harmon, 3 Apr 44. In McNair Correspondence.

107. AGF M/S, Col Eyerly to Rqts and CG, undated (June 1943). In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

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108. (1) (AGF memo for G-3 WD, 5 Nov 42, sub: AA Defense. In 320.2/12 AA (C). (2) Memo of Gen McNair for DCofS, USA, 20 Jul 43, sub: Comments on Maj Gen Harmon's Report. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

109. (1) Radio CM-In 2005 (S), Devers to WD, 3 Jul 43. (2) Radio CM-Out 1994 (S), WD to Devers, 5 Jul 43.

110. Maj Gen E. N. Harmon, par 3 g "Report on Combat Experience and Battle Lessons for Training Purposes," to AFHQ, 13 Jun 43. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

111. Memo of Gen McNair for DCofS, USA, 20 Jul 43, sub: Comments on Maj Gen Harmon's Report. In 319.1/13 NATO (S).

112. AGF M/S, CG to Red Bd, 31 Mar 43, sub: Armored Engr Bn. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec file "Armored Division."

113. Personal ltr Gen Patton to Gen Gillem (cpy sent to AGF), 21 May 43. In 320.2/24 Armd Force (S).

114. AGF M/S, 31 Jul - 10 Aug 43. In 320.2/78 Armd Force (R).

115. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 18 Aug 43, sub: Reorganization of Tank Bns. In 321/3 Tank Units (C). (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 22 Sep 43, sub: Tactical and training Control of GHQ Tank Bns. In 320.2/36 TB 43 (S). Thirteen divisions, from the 4th to the 20th Armored inclusive, were reorganized by the AGF. The 1st Armored was reorganized overseas.

116. See Study No 3 of the present series.

117. WD memo WDGCT 320 (1-11-43) for CG AGF, 5 Feb 43, sub: Trends in Organization of Armd Forces, with related papers. In 320.2/20 Armd Force (S).

118. See Study No 3 of present series; counting 3 tank battalions in each of 14 armored divisions, 6 in each of 2 armored divisions.

119. AGF M/S, CG to Plans, 1 Oct 43. In AGF Plans Sec file (C).

120. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 16 Oct 43, sub: Troop Basis 1944. In 320.2/1 TB 44 (S). (2) WD Gen Council Minutes, 11 Oct 43 (S).

121. Memo of Gen McNair for ASW, 8 Feb 44 (S), sub: Views presented by Brig Gen R. E. Shugg.

122. See (1) Memo of SW of ASW, 21 Jul 42. In 321/99 Cav. (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 5 May 42, sub: Cavalry Organization. In 321/51 Cav.

123. Memo for Gen Moore, 19 Jan 42, sub: Conservation of Mil Equipment. In McNair Correspondence.

124. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 4 May 43, sub: Reorganization of the Mtz Div. In 322/5 4th Div (S). (2) WD Gen Council Minutes, 19 Jul 43 (S).

125. (1) WD ltr AG 320.2 (1-19-42)PC-C, 20 Feb 42, sub: Org of the Mtz Div. (2) T/O 77, 1 Aug 42. (3) Table, undated (Jan 43) sub: Comparative figures between Mtz and Inf Divs. In AGF Org Div, Rqts Sec files. AGF M/S, Red Bd to CG, 23 Jan 43, sub: Mtz Div. Ibid. (5) Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 7 Dec 42, sub: Org of Armd Units. In 320.2/18 Armd Force (C). (6) Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 28 Jan 43, sub: Basis of Org of Mtz Div. In 322/1 Divs (S).

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126. (1) WD memo WDGCT 320 (12-7-42) for CofS, USA, 16 Jan 43, sub: Orgn of Armd Units. In AGO Classified Files 320.2 (1-16-43) (5). (2) WD memo OPD 320.2 (2-8-43), 18 Feb 43 sub as above. (3) WD memo WDGCT 320 (2-24-43) to CofS, USA, 24 Feb 43, sub: Reorganization of the Mtz Div. In AGO Classified Files 320.2 (12-7-42) (S).

127. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 4 May 43, sub: Reorgn of Mtz Divv. In 322/5 4th Div. In 322/5 4th

128. WD memo OPD 320.2 ETO (5-4-43) for G-3 WD, 6 May 43, sub as above. In 322/5 4th Div (S).

129. Radio CM-Out 5530, 13 Jun 43; Radio CM-In 10004, 16 Jun 43 (S).

130. AGF ltr to TIS, 27 Aug 43, sub: SOP for Inf Divs Provided with Motor Transport for Foot Elements. In 321/696 Inf.

131. Battle Experiences Published by Hq 12th Army Group," No. 64, 13 Oct 44. Cpy in AGF Dissem Div (R).

132. Maj Gen F. L. Walker, "Experiences with the 36th Div in Italy." In Military Review, Jan 1945.

133. See for example AGF memo for G-3 WD, 24 Oct 42, sub: Jungle Tng. In 353/1 Mtn & Jungle (S).

134. See histories of each of these installations in Studies in the History of the Army Ground Forces.

135. Memo of Col Lemnitzer for CofS, AGF, 17 Jun 42, sub: Airborne Div for Bolero. In AGF Plans Sec file, 20/1 (S).

136. (1) AGF M/S, CG to CofS, 19 Jun 42. (2) Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 2 Jul 42, sub: Policy re Tng of Airborne Troops. (3) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 17 Jul 42, sub: Activation of Airborne Divs. All in 320.2/3 and 4.AB (S).

137. AGF ltr to CGs Third Army and Airborne Comd, 30 Jul 42, sub: Activation of 82d and 101st A/B Divs. In 320.2/9 AB (R).

138. T/O 71, 15 Oct 42, and allied tables.

139. WD memo OPD 320.2 (8-7-42) for G-3 WD, 7 Aug 42, sub: Troops for Jungle Combat. In 353/3 Mtn & Jungle (S).

140. WD ltr AG 320.2 (8-27-42) MS-C-M to CGs AGF, AAF, SOS, 28 Aug 42, sub: Troop Basis 1943. In 320.2/3 Trp Bas 43 (S).

141. See papers in 353/1 and 3 Mtn & Jungle (S), especially AGF memo for G-3 WD, 24 Oct 42, sub: Jungle Tng.

142. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (10-1-42) for OPD, 1 Oct 42, sub: Revision of Certain Type Units in Troop Basis; WD memo OPD 320.2 (10-1-42) for G-3 WD, sub as above, 12 Oct 42. Both in OPD Record Room, OPD 320.2 Sec IX (9) (S).

143. See above, p 29-33.

144. WD memo OPD 320.2 (12-30-42) to G-3 WD, 30 Dec 42, sub: Light Divs. In OPD Record Room, OPD 320.2 Sec IX (9) (S).

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145. (1) WD D/F WDGCT 320.2 Gen (12-30-42) for CG AGF, 5 Jan 43, sub: Light Divs. (2) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 29 Jan 43, sub as above. In 322/2 Divs (S).

146. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 2 Mar 43, sub as above. In 322/2 Divs (S). (2) T/O and E 72 T, 21 Jan 44. (3) AGF M/S, CG to CofS, 5 Jul 43, sub: Report on Winter Operations of 2d Inf Div, 1942-43. In 353/1 Winter (C).

146. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 2 Mar 43, sub as above. In 322/2 Divs (S). (2) T/O and E 72 T, 21 Jan 44. (3) AGF M/S, CG to CofS, 5 Jul 43, sub: Report on Winter Operations of 2d Inf Div, 1942-43. In 353/1 Winter (C).

147. (1) Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 25 Feb 43, sub: Light Divs. In 322/2 Divs (S). (2) WD memo OPD 320.2 (12-30-42) for G-3 WD, 3 Feb 43, sub as above. In OPD Record Room.

148. Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 14 Apr 43, sub: Modification of Mobilization Procedures. In 381/177 (S).

149. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (5-17-43) for CofS, USA, 17 May 43, sub: Light Divs. In OPD Record Room, OPD 320.2 Sec IX (9) (S).

150. Radio CM-In 9356, London to War, 14 May 43. In AGF Classified Radio File.

151. Memo of Col F. D. Merrill for Chief, Troop Sec, Logistics Grp, OPD, 22 May 43. Written on OPD letterhead, signed "For Lt. Gen. Stilwell." In OPD Record Room, OPD 320.2 Sec IX (9). (S).

152. (1) WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (5-21-43) for CofS, USA, 21 May 43, sub: Light Divs. In AGO Classified Files, 322 (21 May 43) (22). (2) For Gen McNair's comments on Gen MacArthur's views, see memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 24 May 43, sub: Proposed Light Div. In 322/2 Divs (S).

153. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (5-21-43) for CofS, USA, 21 May 43, sub: Light Divs. In AGO Classified Files 322 (21 May 43) (22).

154. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (5-21-43) for CG AGF, 3 Jun 43, sub as above, with memo for record. Ibid.

155. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 15 Jun 43, sub: 89th and 71st Light Divs, 10th Mtn Div. In 322/2 Divs (S). Approved by DCofS, USA, 21 Jun 43.

156. AGF memo for CofS, USA, 22 Sep 43, sub: Report of Board on Airborne Operations. In 353/17 AB (S).

157. Tentative Troop Basis 1944. In AGF Plans Sec file No. 185 (S). See Studies in the History of the AGF No 3, Ground Forces in the War Army.

158. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 17 Nov 43, sub: Proposed Light Div. In 322/2 Divs (S).

159. (1) Memo of CofS AGF for CG AGF, 24 Mar 43, sub: Summary of Statements by Gen Sutherland. In 320.2/149 PTO (S). (2) WD memo WDGCT 320.2 Gen (5-21-43) for CofS, USA, 21 May 43, sub: Light Divs. In AGO Classified Files 322 (21 May 43) (22). (3) Hq USAF ltr in Far East to TAG through C-in-C, SWPA, 2 Oct 43. In 322/2 Divs (S).

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160. AGF memo (rewritten by Gen McNair) for G-3 WD, 17 Nov 43, sub: Proposed Light Div. In 322/2 Divs (S). See also personal ltr of Gen McNair to Maj Gen C. H. White, 27 Dec 43. In McNair correspondence.

161. (1) Hq III Corps ltr to CG AGF, 7 Apr 44, sub: Special Report on Maneuver Test, 71st and 89th Light Divs. In 321/808 Inf. (2) Hq III Corps ltr to CG AGF, 12 May 44, sub: Final Report on Hunter Liggett Maneuver No. 1. In 354.2/42 Hunter Liggett 44.

162. Memo of Col R. P. Reeder, OPD, for ACofS OPD, 27 Mar 44, sub: Proposed Light Div. In 322/2 Divs (S).

163. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 14 Apr 44, sub: 71st and 89th Light Divs. In 321/808 Inf. (2) WD memo WDGCT 322 (7 Apr 44) for CG AGF, 22 Apr 44. Tn 320.2/34 Trp Bas 44 (S).

164. AGF memo (enclosing report) for G-3 WD, 10 May 44, sub: Reorganization of 10th Light Div (Alpine). In 322/1 10th Div (C).

165. (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 24 Oct 44, sub: T/O and E for Mtn Div. In 320.3/779. (2) T/O and E 70, 4 Nov 44.

166. WD memo OPD 320.2 Afr (1 Dec 43) (with inclosures) for CG AGF, 1 Dec 43, sub: Proposed T/O for Airborne Divs. In 320.3/75 (S).

167. AGF memo for OPD, 17 Dec 43, sub: Changes in T/O, Airborne Div. In 320.3/75 (S).

168. WD memo WDGCT 320.3 (18 Dec 44) for CG AGF, 18 Dec 44, sub: T/O & E for Airborne Div. In 330.13/156.

169. All figures are from the Troop Basis of 1 Apr 45 (S).

170. WD memo WDGCT 320.2 (T/O) (7-31-42) for CGs AAF, AGF, SOS, 31 Jul 42, sub: Revision of Type Army Corps and Army Troops. In 320.2/5816.

171. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 21 Sep 42, sub as above. In 320.2/5816.

172. See the staff studies and M/S in 320.2/5816 and in AGF Plans Sec File No 95, 320.2/111.

173. WD memo WDGCT 320 (12-17-42) for CG AGF, 24 Dec 42, sub: Reorganization of Units of the Army. In 320.2/5816.

174. WD memo OPD 320.2 (9-21-42) for G-3 WD, 16 Nov 42, sub: Revision of Type Corps & Army Troops. In 320.2/5816.

175. AGF M/S, CG to DCofS, 3 Dec 42, and DCofS to G-3, 31 Dec 42. In 320.2/5816.

176. WD ltr AG 320.2 (12-7-42) OB-S-D-M to theater comdrs. 10 Dec 42, sub: Economy of Forces. In 320.2/233 (C).

177. See note 173 above.

178. AGF ltr 320.2/165 (R), 20 Jan 43, sub: Orgn & Assignment of Group Hq.

179. Memo of Gen Marshall for Gens McNair, Somervell, Edwards, 29 Dec 42. In 320.2/5773.

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180. See unused draft and AGF memo to CofS, USA, 5 Jan 43, sub: Orgn of Service Troops. In 320.2/5773.

181. The system was formally explained, in answer to a request by G-4 WD, in AGF memo for G-4 WD, 25 May 43, sub: Command of Non Divisional Units. In 320.2/6009. See also the AGF ltr to the field on the use of service units of each branch: (1) 30 Mar 43, sub: Ord Service in the Field, AGF. In 321/74 Ord. (2) 8 Oct 43, sub: Engr Service in the Field, AGF. In 321/212 Engr (R). (3) 14 Oct 43, sub: Signal Orgn. In 321/786 Sig. (4) 16 Oct 43, sub: QM Service in the Field. In 321/266 QM (R). (5) 22 Oct 43, sub: Med Orgn. In 321/766 Med.

182. AGF ltr 320.2/6031 (R) to CGs, 21 Jul 43, sub: Orientation with Reference to Revised Orgn. See Annex IX.

183. Personal ltr Gen McNair to Gen Patton, 23 Oct 43. In McNair Correspondence (S).

184. AGF ltr 320.2/6031 (R), 21 Jul 43, sub: Orientation with Reference to Revised Orgn.

185. See draft written by Gen McNair for directive of 21 Jul 43, sub: Orientation with Reference to Revised Orgn, par beginning, "The revised organization places command above staff." This paragraph did not appear in the directive, because the principle involved was not fully enough accepted by the War Department to justify its inclusion. Draft in 322/1 Corps (R). See also (1) AGF memo for G-3 WD, 13 Apr 43, sub: Antitank Personnel. In 321/6 TD (C). (2) AGF M/S, G-3 to CofS, 20 Apr 43, sub: Antitank Section for Div Corps and Army Hq. In 320.2/23 NATO (S). (3) Notes 65 and 81 above. (4) AGF M/S, CG to G-3, 7 Sep 42. In 320.2/5816.

186. AGF memo for G-3 WD, 20 Mar 43, sub: T/O's and T/E's Corps. In 320.2/5983, and published T/O 100-1, 29 Mar 43.

187. (1) AGF memo for OPD, 10 Aug 43, sub: Reorgn of Corps Hq and Organic Troops. In 320.2/247 (C). (2) WD memo WDGCT 320.3 (1 Oct 43) for CG AGF. 5 Oct 43 sub: T/O's & T/E's for Corps. In 322/4 Corps (R). (3) Personal memo of Gen McNarney for Gen McNair, 17 Dec 43, sub: T/O's for Type Corps Hq. In McNair Correspondence (S).

188. Memo of Gen McNair for G-3 WD, 15 Oct 43, sub: T/O's & E for Corps. In 322/4 Corps (R).

189. AGF M/S, DCofS to G-1, G-3, G-4, 28 Oct 42, sub: Revision of AGF Orgn. In Plans Sec file No 132 (S).

190. AGF ltr 320.2/6031 (R), 21 Jul 43, sub: Orientation with Reference to Revised Orgn. (See Appendix IX.)

191. AGF ltr 321/212 Engr (R), 8 Oct 43, sub: Engr Service in the Field.

192. On abolition of armored corps see (1) staff studies in 320.2/16 Armd Force (S). (2) AGF memo (with related papers) for G-3 WD, 17 Aug 43, sub: Redesignation of Armd Corps. In 320.2/247 (C).

193. AGF ltr to CGs, 16 Jan 43, sub: Assignment and Attachment of Units. In 320.2/167 (R).

194. (1) AGF ltr to CGs, 5 Aug 43, sub: Assignment of Combat Units to Corps. In 320.2/300 (C). (2) AGF ltr to CGs, 29 Oct 43, sub: Assignment of Combat-Type Units. In 320.2/267 (R).

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195. Calculations based on Troop Basis (S).

196. See Studies Nos 3 and 4 of the present series.

197. AGF-type units, as of 31 March 1945, had an authorized strength of 2,502,148 enlisted men. They were expected in the winter of 1942-43 (troop bases of that date) to have approximately 3,200,000 enlisted men by the end of 1943. During 1944, according to plans obtaining in the winter of 1942-43, some 750,000 enlisted men were to be recovered by various economies and used to create new tactical units. (See note 54 above.) Some of these recoveries would come from reduction of AGF T/O's, and hence if used to form new AGF units would add nothing to AGF total strength. A few would be reassigned to other than AGF units - not many, since the intention was to expand combat forces. Assuming that only half the 750,000 had been added in 1944 to the 3,200,000 intended to be reached by the end of 1943, the strength of AGF units would have been 3,575,000 by the end of 1944 and in 1945. This is 1,072,852 more than the 2,502,148 authorized on 31 March 1945. The disparity would be greater were it possible to include officers in this calculation.

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