MILITARY RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA: 1939-1945. By Stanley W. Dziuban. (1959, 1974, 1990; 432 pages, 7 tables, 1 chart, 1 map, 14 illustrations, 5 appendixes, bibliographical note, glossary, index, CMH Pub 11-5.)
This volume records the military cooperation between the United States and Canada during World War II. Diplomatic discussions and negotiations figure prominently in this record, not only as the prelude and basis for joint military plans and efforts, but also in resolving a wide variety of problems incident to those joint efforts that had a political impact.
Originating when the low ebb of British fortunes in the Battle of Britain confronted both the United States and Canada with what seemed an imminent threat to an unprepared continent, cooperation was at first directed to preparation for a coordinated defensive deployment of forces and materiel. Once the safety of the United Kingdom was assured, collaboration largely took the form of measures to facilitate the use by the United States of the geographical, industrial, and military potential of Canada as part of the North American base supporting Allied efforts on the battlefronts of Europe and the Pacific.
Pushing his study into the postwar period, the author also describes the "roll-up" of the extensive United States deployments, facilities, and supply stockades in Canada. He then describes the revitalization of the wartime military cooperation with the outbreaks of the Cold War by 1947.
1 . Conduct of bipartite international military cooperation by means of a politicomilitary board of two coordinate sections (Ch. II).
2. Command structure requirements, in a framework of bilateral cooperation, to
assure adequate military responsibility and authority (Chs. IV, V, VII,
3. Factors bearing on the defense of North America in a conventional war (Ch. IV).
4. Development of strategic plans and deployments for joint defense of northern North America (Chs. IV, V).
5. Difficulties attending the development of military bases in arctic North America (Chs. VI, VII, VIII).
6. Problems—political, legal, economic, and psychological—incident to large-scale deployments on friendly foreign soil remote from the combat zone (Chs. VII, VIII, XI).
7. Psychological problems of a big nation-small nation partnership in joint defense (Chs. III, VIII, XI).
8. Organization, equipment, training, and employment of an integrated binational force (the First Special Service Force) (Ch. IX).
9. Problems presented to a host government by the great complexity of U. S. Army and Navy organizational structure in Canada (Ch. V).
10. Funding, constructing, and operating base facilities for joint defense (Chs. VIII, XI, XII).
11. Friendly foreign forces and questions of civil and criminal jurisdiction (Ch. XI).
12. Control of air traffic and of military bases by friendly foreign forces (Ch. XI).
13. Disposition of logistical facilities constructed by friendly forces on foreign territory (Ch. XII).
14. Coordination of war production and economic mobilization (Ch. III).
15. The Destroyer-Base Agreement of 1940:
a. Its relation to the initiation of U.S.-Canadian military collaboration
b. The impact of the agreement and U.S.-Canadian military collaboration on the relationship of Newfoundland to the Dominion of Canada (Chs. I, V, VII).
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