U.S. Army Campaigns of the Mexican War
CMH Pub 73-1, Paper
2005; 35 pages, maps, illustrations, further readings
GPO S/N: 008-029-00411-9
Gateway South: The Campaign for Monterrey is an absorbing account of the U.S. Army's role in military action undertaken to fix the southern boundary of the United States and to integrate California into the nation. To attain these objectives and to pressure Mexico into accepting new land boundaries, Command General of the United States Army Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott planned for four additional simultaneous operations in the summer months of 1846. His first target in Mexico was the city of Monterrey, situated 180 miles to the south and west of his current position in Matamoros. The campaign began on 10 June and ended on 23 September, with the Mexican surrender. In his highly readable essay, Stephen A. Carney examines one of the U.S. Army's earliest experiences in urban warfare in the fortified town of Monterrey, covering the strategic setting, the preparations, the approach, and the stages of battle. This campaign marked a shift in the Army's use of volunteers instead of regulars, which caused significant command problems, and introduced disease as a new and far more potent enemy than the Mexican Army. Overall, according to Carney, Monterrey represented a remarkable success in preparation for carrying the war deeper into Mexican territory, the courage and perseverance of individual soldiers operating in hostile environments an inspiration for those serving today.
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