CMH Home
CMH 		
      Home
Lineage And Honors Information

Lineage and Honors Information as of 30 April 2012

103d ENGINEER BATTALION
(THE DANDY FIRST)

  • Constituted 7 December 1747 by official recognition of the Military Association of the City of Philadelphia, founded 21 November 1747 at Philadelphia by Benjamin Franklin
  • Organized 29 December 1747 as the Train of Artillery from new and existing elements
  • Reorganized and redesignated 26 May 1748 as the Train of Artillery, to consist of the following companies:

Associator Fort Company
Grand Battery Company

  • Reorganized and redesignated 15 October 1754 in the Philadelphia Military Association as the Train of Artillery, to consist of the following companies:

Artillery Company
Grand Battery

  • Expanded, reorganized, redesignated, and expanded May-August 1775 as the Philadelphia Artillery Battalion, to consist of the following companies:

1st Company, Captain Benjamin Loxley
2d Company, Captain Joseph Moulder
3d Company, Captain James Biddle
4th Company, Captain Thomas Procter

  • While remaining in state service the Philadelphia Artillery additionally formed the following units for Continental service:

Philadelphia Artillery Battalion mustered into Continental service 2 July 1776; mustered out of Continental service 23 January 1777 at Morristown, New Jersey

Fort Mud Garrison organized 27 October 1775 at Philadelphia

Expanded 14 August 1776 as the Pennsylvania State Artillery Battalion

Assigned 23 September 1776 to the main Continental Army

Expanded 6 February 1777 as the Pennsylvania State Artillery Regiment and relieved from the main Continental Army

Adopted 10 June 1777 into the Continental Army as Procter’s Continental Artillery Regiment

Reorganized and redesignated 1 January 1783 as the 4th Continental Artillery Regiment

  • Reorganized and redesignated 25 July 1777 in the Pennsylvania Militia as the First Artillery Battalion, Colonel Jehu Eyre commanding, to consist of the following companies:

1st Company, Captain Samuel Massey
2d Company, Captain John McCullough
3d Company, Captain Peter Browne
4th Company, Captain William Prowell
5th Company, Captain Andrew Summers
6th Company, Captain John Ruper

  • Above units consolidated and reorganized 1784-1794 as the Regiment of Artillery of the City of Philadelphia
  • In Federal service from August 1814 to January 1815 as the Regiment of Artillery, Lieutenant Colonel Andrew M. Prevost commanding, comprising the following companies:

Junior Artillerists
Company of Independent Artillerists
Northern Liberty Artillerists
Frankford Volunteer Artillerists
Captain Landis’ Company of Volunteer Artillery

  • Reorganized 2 April 1822 as the Artillery Battalion, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Pennsylvania Militia
  • Redesignated in 1828 as the 1st Artillery Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia, comprising the following units:

Junior Artillerists
Jackson Artillery
Pennsylvania Artillery
State Artillery
Phalanx Artillery
Artillery Corps, Washington Grays

  • Reorganized and redesignated 19 April 1861 in part as the 1st Regiment Infantry, Gray Reserves
  • While remaining in state service the former 1st Artillery Regiment (also known as the Gray Artillery Battalion), 1st Brigade, 1st Division, formed the following units for Federal service:

1st Artillery Regiment mustered into Federal service 25 April 1861 at Philadelphia to consist of the following companies:

Washington Grays (2 companies)
Cadwalader Grays
Philadelphia Grays
West Philadelphia Grays
Independent Grays
State Guards
National Artillery

Redesignated 15 May 1861 as the 17th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry
Mustered out of Federal service 2 August 1861 at Philadelphia

118th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Corn Exchangeof Philadelphia) mustered into Federal service 15-30 August 1862 at Philadelphia
Mustered out of Federal service 1 June 1865 at Philadelphia

119th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment (Gray Reserves) mustered into Federal service 15 August-17 September 1862 at Philadelphia
Mustered out of Federal service 19 June 1865 at Philadelphia

32d Regiment (Gray Reserves), Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia mustered into Federal service 26 June 1863 at Harrisburg; mustered out of Federal service 1 August 1863 at Philadelphia

  • Reorganized 18 September 1866 as the 1st Regiment of Infantry, Gray Reserves, Reserve Brigade, Pennsylvania Militia
  • (Pennsylvania Militia redesignated 9 April 1870 as the Pennsylvania National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 10-11 May 1898 at Mount Gretna as the 1st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 26 October 1898 at Philadelphia
  • Mustered into Federal service 30 June 1916 at Mount Gretna as the 1st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry; mustered out of Federal service 23 October 1916 at Mount Gretna
  • Mustered into Federal service 30 March 1917 at Philadelphia; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • Consolidated 11 October 1917 with the 13th Infantry, Pennsylvania National Guard (organized in 1877); consolidated unit designated as the 109th Infantry and assigned t o the 28th Division
  • Demobilized 17-20 May 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Former 1st Infantry reorganized 15 October 1919 in the Pennsylvania National Guard at Philadelphia
  • Converted, reorganized, and redesignated 1 April 1921 as the 103d Engineer Regiment, an element of the 28th Division
  • Organized and Federally recognized 18 July 1921 at Philadelphia
  • Inducted into Federal service 17 February 1941 at Philadelphia
  • Regiment broken up 17 February 1942 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:

Regiment (less 2d Battalion) as the 103d Engineer Battalion, an element of the 28th Infantry Division

2d Battalion as the 180th Engineer Battalion and relieved from assignment to the 28th Infantry Division (hereafter separate lineage)

103d Engineer Battalion redesignated 9 March 1943 as the 103d Engineer Combat Battalion
Inactivated 27 October 1945 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi

  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 8 April 1947 at Philadelphia as the 103d Engineer Combat Battalion
  • Ordered into active Federal service 5 September 1950 at Philadelphia
  • Redesignated 5 June 1953 as the 103d Engineer Battalion
  • (103d Engineer Battalion [NGUS] organized and Federally recognized 17 August 1953 with Headquarters at Philadelphia)
  • Released from active Federal service 15 June 1954 and reverted to state control; Federal recognition concurrently withdrawn from the 103d Engineer Battalion (NGUS)
  • (Company C allotted 21 January 1968 to the Maryland Army National Guard; Company D allotted 1 February 1968 to the Virginia Army National Guard. Companies C and D reallotted 1 April 1975 to the Pennsylvania Army National Guard)
  • Ordered into active Federal service 24 August 2002 at Philadelphia; released from active Federal service 20 May 2003 and reverted to state contro
  • (Companies A, B, and C consolidated 1 September 2006 to form the SupportCompany, 103d Engineer Battalion)
  • Battalion reorganized 1 September 2007 to consist of the Headquarters Company and the Support Company
  • HOME STATION: Philadelphia

CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

  • Revolutionary War
  • Trenton
  • Princeton
  • Brandywine
  • Germantown
  • Monmouth
  • Yorktown
  • Pennsylvania 1776
  • New Jersey 1776
  • New York 1776
  • New Jersey 1777
  • New Jersey 1778
  • New York 1779
  • War of 1812
  • Streamer without inscription
  • Civil War
  • Antietam
  • Fredericksburg
  • Chancellorsville
  • Gettysburg
  • Wilderness
  • Spotsylvania
  • Cold Harbor
  • Petersburg
  • Shenandoah
  • Appomattox
  • Maryland 1862
  • Maryland 1864
  • Pennsylvania 1863
  • Virginia 1863
  • World War I
  • Champagne-Marne
  • Aisne-Marne
  • Oisne-Aisne
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Champagne 1918
  • Lorraine 1918
  • World War II
  • Normandy
  • Northern France
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe
  • War on Terrorism
  • Campaigns to be determined

DECORATIONS

  • Luxembourg Croix de Guerre, Streamer embroidered LUXEMBOURG
  • Support Company (Philadelphia), additionally entitled to:
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered ARDENNES

    Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2005

    Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at St. Vith

BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:

ROBERT J. DALESSANDRO
Director, Center of Military History


Return to Branch Index