In this Issue:
Chasing Ghosts in Mexico:
The Columbus Raid of 1916 and the Politicization of U.S. Intelligence during World War I
By Thomas Boghardt
The Battle for White Horse Mountain, Sept-Oct 1952
By Bryan R. Gibby
U.S. Army Image Spotlight: Indian Scouts Discovered
By William K. Emerson
Army History Magazine
Fall 2013 Issue
CMH: September 19, 2013
In this Fall 2013 issue of Army History we feature two interesting articles on very disparate topics. Both articles are timely in that we are in the opening stages of the First World War centennial commemoration and the closing stages of the Korean War sixtieth anniversary commemoration. The first article, by Thomas Boghardt, a senior historian at the Center of Military History, examines the U.S. government's and the military's intelligence collection efforts in Mexico in the years prior to U.S. entry into the First World War. In early 1917, the U.S. government learned of a secret German alliance proposal to Mexico: should Washington join the Allies, the Germans would encourage a Mexican attack on the United States and support Mexican annexation of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. American interventionists claimed that the so-called Zimmermann Telegram (after its author, German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann) represented the culmination of a series of German plots in Mexico designed to challenge U.S. hegemony in the western hemisphere. This article shows, however, that from 1915 to 1917 American intelligence had carefully investigated and comprehensively refuted recurring rumors of German plots in Mexico.
Next we feature an article by Bryan R. Gibby about the Korean War battle for White Horse Mountain (Hill 395). His account, covering September-October 1952, of the harrowing battle for this strategic outpost paints a vivid picture of the intense fighting on and around White Horse Mountain. The vicious nature of the combat and the intense artillery bombardments are captured in detail as the author describes the heroic actions of Republic of Korea and U.S. troops. With peace negotiations at a stalemate, Gibby highlights the strategic necessity of holding the line against Communist forces in order to deny them increased bargaining power.
In addition, the chief of military history offers a few words of congratulations as Army History celebrates thirty years of providing thought-provoking historical articles and content to an ever-growing readership. The chief historian closes the issue with a sobering reminder of Task Force Ranger and the conflict in Somalia that dominated headlines in early October 1993.
As Army History celebrates its thirtieth year of publication I'm reminded of the important role this journal plays, and has played, in educating service members and civilians about the history of our Army. I'm extremely proud of both the job we do and to have been a part of Army History's long-tenured success.
- Managing Editor
Chasing Ghosts in Mexico
Images from this edition's feature "Chasing Ghosts in Mexico: The Columbus Raid of 1916 and the Politicization of U.S. Intelligence during World War I", by Thomas Boghardt
"Pancho" Villa on horseback, c. 1914
Columbus, New Mexico, c. 1916
Columbus, New Mexico. Soldier standing guard over a burned down shop to prevent looting.
Columbus, New Mexico. Soldiers of the 13th Calvary looking for bodies of bandits outside Columbus, 9 March, 1916
Captured Villistas under guard in Columbus, c. March 1916
General Pershing crossing the Rio Grande into Mexico, 15 March 1916
Francisco Villa on his favorite horse Siete Leguas (Seven Leagues), c. 1914