U.S. ARMY CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY
HISTORICAL RESOURCES BRANCH

CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS COLLECTION

(COC)

 


 


Iranian Hostage Crisis (1980-1981)

Iranian foces captured the United States Embassy in Tehran and held the occupants hostage for an extended period of time in 1980-1981. The Center's holdings on this incident consist of a set of .75-inch videotapes. For Official Use Only.

Box 1
FILE
CONTENTS
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29 January 1991 news conference held at Fort McPherson, Georgia, by COL Charles Scott, a former hostage.

 

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28 January 1991 American Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) coverage (Tape 1 of 3 Tapes).

 

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28 January 1991 American Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) coverage (Tape 2 of 3 Tapes).

 

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28 January 1991 American Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) coverage (Tape 3 of 3 Tapes).

 

Box 2

FILE
CONTENTS
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23 February 1981 recording "Experiences of a P.O.W." prepared at Fort Gordon, Georgia (Tape of 2 Tapes).

 

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23 February 1981 recording "Experiences of a P.O.W." prepared at Fort Gordon, Georgia (Tape of 2 Tapes).

 

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29 December 1980 recording "Hostages in Iran."

 

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Undated recording "Iran--Christmas with the Hostages."

 

Box 3

FILE
CONTENTS

Undated recording "Hostage footage Easter Service."

 

Undated recording "Johnstown MSG Ragen."

 


Gander Crash (1985)

On 12 December 1985 a chartered ailiner carrying a battalion task force back home from a tour of duty with the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) in the Sinai crashed at Gander, Newfoundland. The battalion task force was built around the 3d Battalion, 502d Infantry from the 101st Airborne Division stationed at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.

The Center's holdings consist of copies of documents assembled in the course of preparing various after-action reports, copies of the after-action reports, and supporting studies and materials, to include slides and videotapes.

Box 1

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Draft of the Final Headquarters, Department of the Army After-Action Report.

 

Box 2

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Chief of Public Affairs After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Final After-Action Report (Undated).

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report Executive Summary (EXSUM) (Corrected Copy).

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report Executive Summary (EXSUM) Review Comments.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report Executive Summary (EXSUM) Working Papers.

 

Box 3

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Military Personnel Center (MILPERCEN) After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) Response Team at Gander After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) Coordination Team at Dover After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Office of The Adjutant General (OTAG) and Office of the Surgeon General (OTSG) After-Action Reports.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Director of Human Resources Development (DHRD) After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) After-Action Report (Part I).

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) After-Action Report (Part II).

 

Box 4

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Office of the Judge Advocate General (OTJAG) Desk Book.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Message Traffic, December 1985-May 1986.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Congressional Correspondence.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Office of the Chief of Public Affairs After-Action Report.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Information Papers Relating to Gander Operations (various offices of origin).

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Family Questions and Interviews.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Investigating the Crash. Contains media accounts and references to the Canadian Air Safety Board Inquiry; the House Armed Services Committee Hearings; the Department of Defense Report on Passenger Airlift Policies and Procedures; and the Government Accounting Office (GAO) Draft Report on Management Controls over Military Airlift.

 

Box 5

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Awards Information.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Roster of Deceased. FOUO

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: PCC Daily Log.

 

370.11

Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCSPER) After-Action Report: Ceremonies.

 

370.11

"The Human Response to the Gander Military Air Disaster: A Summary Report, edited by Kathleen Wright. Washington: Division of Neuropsychiatry, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 1987.

 

370.11

101st Airborne Division After-Action Report.

 

370.11

436th Military Airlift Wing After-Action Report, 22 August 1986.

 

370.11

436th Military Airlift Wing Operations Plan (OPLAN) 006-85 (Mass Casualty Plan), 31 July 1979. FOUO.

 

370.11

Draft of the Oakland Army Mortuary Contingency/Embergency Support Plan for Support of Multiple Death Incidents, 14 August 1986.

 

370.11

Gander Recovery Team Situation Reports (SITREPs). [Incomplete file].

 

370.11

Casualty Area Command Updates.

 

370.11

Legal Assistance Updates.

 

Box 6

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Army Operations Center Daily Staff Journal of Duty Officer's Log (File 1 of 3).

 

370.11

Army Operations Center Daily Staff Journal of Duty Officer's Log (File 2 of 3).

 

370.11

Army Operations Center Daily Staff Journal of Duty Officer's Log (File 3 of 3).

 

370.11

Army Operations Center Messages (Incoming and Outgoing).

 

Box 7

FILE
CONTENTS
370.11

Army Operations Center Briefings.

 

370.11

Army Operations Center Information Book Provided to the Chief of Staff, Army (CSA), 16 December 1985.

 

370.11

Army Operations Center Documents: Manifest; Next of Kin; Information Papers; News Reports; Memoranda Published; Notes.

 

Box 8

FILE
CONTENTS
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35mm slides.

 

Box 9

FILE
CONTENTS

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35mm slides.

 

Box 10

FILE
CONTENTS
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.75-inch videotape of BG Beaver, 10 January 1986.

 

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.75-inch videotape of Columbia Broadcasting System's coverage of the Memorial Ceremony, 31 January 1986. [2 copies]

 

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.75-inch videotape of 101st Airborne Division Memorial, 31 January 1986.

 

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.75-inch videotape of 101st Airborne Division Memorial Ceremony, Parade Field, 31 January 1986.

 


Operation JUST CAUSE (1989-1990)

Operation JUST CAUSE involved the employment of American military forces, both pre-positioned and deployed from the Continental United States in Panama. The operation fell under the command and control of the United States Southern Command but was executed by Joint Task Force (JTF) SOUTH which was built around Headquarters, XVIII Airborne Corps. Combat operations began on 20 December 1989. JUST CAUSE succeeded 1989's Operation NIMROD DANCER which had increased the security forces in Panama, and was in turn followed by Operation KINDLE LIBERTY, American assistance in the reconstitution of the Panamanian government.

The Center's holdings on this operation are very limited. Researchers should contact the US Army Center for Army Lessons Learned for more extensive holdings.

Box 1
 
FILE
CONTENTS
000.75

Press Clippings.

 

000.75

Army Newsclips (reprinted press clippings).

 


Operation RESTORE HOPE (1992-1993)

Operation RESTORE HOPE involved humanitarian efforts in Somalia conducted by Army elements working as part of a joint and combined task force established by United States Central Command. Joint Task Force SOMALIA evolved into the Unified Task Force (UNITAF) as the United States assumed executive agency status for the United Nations. The JTF/UNITAF phase of involvement in Somalia is known as the "First Rotation." When the original forces redeployed and the command and control passed to a United Nations task force (UNOSOM II), other units deployed on a rotational basis in what was also known as Operation CONTINUE HOPE. During the "Third Rotation" in October 1993 heavy fighting erupted with one of the factions leading to a reestablishment of the Joint Task Force until final disengagement.

The Center's holdings contain some materials assembled by Army participants in the experimental Joint History Team SOMALIA (military historians from four services deployed into Somalia as part of UNITAF's headquarters) and other materials collected during the tenure of Army History Team (Somalia). This latter activity involved the integrated efforts of historians from virtually all of the Army's major commands with the Center providing administration and funding.

Researchers should realize that the files included in this collection are primarily concerned with the administration of the historical effort rather than with the conduct of the operation. Most of the actual collection efforts in the field by either Army personnel on the Joint History Team or by the Army History Team focused on oral history interviewing; those tapes are in the custody of the Center's Oral History Activity. Copies of documents collected by the historians were transferred from the Center to the Combined Arms Command's automated archives.

Documents in this sub-collection are cataloged under the War Department Decimal File System.

Box 1
FILE
CONTENTS
000.75

Press Clippings.

 

045.3

Marine Corps. Extracts from draft of Capt (USMC) David Dawson's "With Marine Forces Somalia" under preparation by the Marine Corps Historical Center.

 

314.7

Military Histories. Draft of "Peace by Committee: Command and Control Issues in Peace Enforcement Operations" by MAJ (USAF) Harold E. Bullock, April 1994, for the School of Advanced Airpower Studies.

 

314.8

Records of Wars. Information Packet #1 prepared for members of Army History Team (Somalia) on 9 June 1993. Contents: Brief Overview by Dr. Bruce Saunders; UNITAF Mission Statement; List of Oral History Interviews Conducted by Joint History Team; Target List for Oral History Interviews compiled by the Joint History Team; Index to the collection of computer disks collected by the Joint History Team [disks transferred to CAC]; Draft Operational Chronology; List of Maps and Charts; List of Locations and Features; Roster of Key Individuals from Other Nations; Notes on Somali Clan and Factional Alignments; Roster of Key Somali Individuals; Briefing Slides from presentation at the May 1993 Meeting of the MACOM Council [historians from the Major Commands]; MAJ Robert Wright's After-Action Report, 1 April 1993, on the Joint History Team; 10th Mountain Division Command Briefing slides; and Selected Background Items (field historian notes from the Joint History Team).

 

314.8

Records of Wars. Information Packet #2 prepared for members of Army History Team (Somalia) on 21 June 1993. Contents: Army History Team In-Briefing Slides; Draft Outline, FM 100-23 (Peace Support Operations); Oral History technique materials (two items); Extracts from UNITAF Fragmentary Orders (FRAGOs) (three items); Revised Chronology; and Soldier Humor.

 

314.8

Records of Wars. Joint History Team list of Oral History Interviews and a copy of the Summary Sheet for each.

 

314.8

Records of War. Resource Guide Unified Task Force Somalia December 1992-May 1993 Operation Restore Hope compiled by F. D. G. Williams (Washington: Center of Military History, 1994). Contents: Key Personnel Lists; Detailed Interview Lists; and Field Historian's Notes. [2 copies]

 

Box 2
FILE
CONTENTS
314.8

Records of Wars. Draft Report, Operation Restore Hope, prepared by the Center for Army Lessons Learned. [Copy 44 of 100]

 

314.8

Records of Wars. Third Rotation Materials. Key Personnel List compiled by Army History Team (Somalia) and a copy of the recommendation for the award of the Valorous Unit Award to the 2d Battalion, 14th Infantry.

 

337

Conferences. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency (CAA) participant handouts from the Army Support of Cooperation and Peacekeeping (ACAP 93) workshop held in May 1993.

 

337

Conferences. US Army Concepts Analysis Agency (CAA) participant handouts from the second Army Support of Cooperation and Peacekeeping (ACAP II 94) workshop held in November 1993.

 

461
Publications. Soldier Handbook Restore Hope (Socaliinta Rajada). Prepared by the US Army Intelligence and Threat Analysis Center (ITAC), December 1992. Covers: Terrain and Weather Overview; Cultural Overview; Key Somali Words and Phrases; Rank/Insignia; Military Operations; Weapons and Equipment; Mines; and Health and Disease. [2 copies]
Box 3
FILE
CONTENTS
319.25

Army History Team Administrative Files (By Installation). Files maintained by LTC F. D. G. Williams to organize visits to installations which deployed personnel to Somalia.

 

319.25

Army History Team Administrative Files (By Team Member). Files maintained by LTC F. D. G. Williams to organize employment of individual historians on visits to installations which deployed personnel to Somalia.

 

Box 4
 
FILE
CONTENTS
319.25
Army History Team Administrative Files (General). Files of a general nature maintained by LTC F. D. G. Williams to organize Army History Team (Somalia).

 


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Last updated 6 November 2006