MALIN CRAIG was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, on 5 August 1875; graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1898; was commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the 4th Infantry, April 1898; served with the 6th Cavalry in the Santiago campaign in Cuba, 1898; was transferred to the 4th Cavalry and served in Wyoming and Oklahoma, 1898–1900; participated in the China Relief Expedition, 1900–1902; was promoted to first lieutenant and assigned to the 6th Cavalry, February 1901; married Genevieve Woodruff, April 1901; attended the Infantry and Cavalry School (1903–1904) and Staff College (1904–1905) at Fort Leavenworth; was promoted to captain and assigned to the 10th Cavalry, May 1904, and the 1st Cavalry, 1905; was regimental quartermaster at Fort Clark, 1906–1909, then adjutant in the Philippines, 1909; was at the Army War College as student, 1909–1910, and instructor, 1910–1911; was a member of the General Staff and chief of staff of the Maneuver Division, 1911; was assistant to the chief of staff of the Western Department, 1911–1912; served with the 1st Cavalry in the West, 1912–1916; was instructor at the Army Service Schools at Fort Leavenworth, 1916–1917; served in the Adjutant General’s Department and was detailed to the General Staff Corps, 1917; was promoted to major of cavalry, May 1917; was promoted to lieutenant colonel of field artillery and appointed chief of staff of the 41st Division, August 1917; served with the American Expeditionary Forces in France in that position and as chief of staff of I Corps, participating in the Toul, Marne, St. Mihiel, and Meuse-Argonne operations; was promoted to colonel (February) and brigadier general (June) in the National Army, 1918; was chief of staff of the Army of Occupation in Germany, 1918–1919; reverted to basic rank of major and was director of the Army War College, 1919–1920; was promoted to colonel of cavalry and assigned as commander, District of Arizona, 1920–1921; was promoted to brigadier general in the Regular Army, April 1921; served as commandant of the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, 1921–1923; commanded the Coast Artillery District of Manila, 1923–1924; was promoted to major general and assigned as chief of cavalry, 1924–1926; was assistant chief of staff, G–3, of the Army, 1926–1927, then commanded the Fourth Corps Area, 1927, the Panama Canal Division, 1927–1928, the Panama Canal Department, 1928–1930, and the Ninth Corps Area, 1930–1935; was commandant of the Army War College, 1935; was promoted to general, October 1935; was chief of staff of the United States Army, 2 October 1935–31 August 1939; pointed out to Congress the Army’s lack of preparedness in manpower and materiel, stressed the essentiality of lead time in military preparedness, focused attention on Army planning, and, within governmental constraints, prepared the Army for World War II; retired from active service, August 1939; was recalled to head the secretary of war’s Personnel Board, September 1941; died in Washington, D.C., on 25 July 1945.

The Artist

Frank Ingoglia (1907–1998), designer, illustrator, and portraitist, used his diverse talents in a number of military-related artistic endeavors. During World War II he designed the instruction manual for the Sperry Gyroscope Corporation and worked on Army and Navy recruiting publicity materials among other armed services undertakings, receiving a citation for meritorious service from the National War Fund. From 1926 to 1938 he was a memeber of the New York Athletic Club's fencing team and competed against cadets of the military and naval academies. After turning from design and illustration to portraiture, he painted the portraits of member of some of America's leading business families and also other distinguished personalities. His portrait of General Malin Craig is reproduced from the Army Art Collection.


Painting:  Malin Craig.  By Frank Ingoglia.
Malin Craig
By Frank Ingoglia
Oil on canvas, 42" x 341/2", 1973


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Last updated 24 February 2006