World War I
Activated: August 1917.
Overseas: July 1918.
Major Operations: Meuse-Argonne.
Casualties: Total-6,874 (KIA-1,151 ; WIA-5,723).
Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn (25 August 1917)
Brig. Gen. W. J. Nicholson (26 November 1917)
Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn (17 February 1918)
Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn (16 April 1918)
Brig. Gen. W. J. Nicholson (22 May 1918)
Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn (8 June 1918)
Brig. Gen. W. J. Nicholson (28 June 1918)
Maj. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn (31 December 1918).
Returned to U. S.: May 1919.
Inactivated: June 1919.
World War II
Activated: 15 June 1942.
Overseas: 7 April 1944.
Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 248.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 8.
Awards: MH-3 ; DSC-13 ; DSM-1 ; SS962; LM-11 ; SM-27 ; BSM-4,916 ; AM78.
Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche (June 1942-May 1945)
Brig. Gen. LeRoy H. Watson (May-July 1945)
Maj. Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe (July-August 1945)
Brig. Gen. LeRoy H. Watson (August 1945 to inactivation).
Returned to U. S.: 10 December 1945.
Inactivated: 20 December 1945.
Reactivated: (Org. Res. Div. 29 November 1946).
After training in the United Kingdom from 17 April 1944, the 79th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, Normandy, 12-14 June and entered combat 19 June 1944, with an attack on the high ground west and northwest of Valognes and high ground south of Cherbourg. The Division took Fort du Roule after a heavy engagement and entered Cherbourg, 25 June. It held a defensive line at the Ollonde River until 2 July 1944 and then returned to the offensive, taking La Haye du Puits in house-to-house fighting, 8 July. On 26 July, the 79th attacked across the Ay River, took Lessay, crossed the Sarthe River and entered Le Mans, 8 August, meeting only light resistance. The advance continued across the Seine, 19 August. Heavy German counterattacks were repulsed, 22-27 August, and the Division reached the Therain River, 31 August. Moving swiftly to the Franco-Belgian frontier near St. Amand, the Division encountered heavy resistance in taking Charmes in street fighting, 12 September. The 79th cut across the Moselle and Meurthe Rivers, 13-23 September, cleared the Foret de Parroy in a severe engagement, 28 September-9 October, and attacked to gain high ground east of Embermenil, 14-23 October, when it was relieved, 24 October. After rest and training at Luneville, the Division returned to combat with an attack from the MignevineMontiguy area, 13 November 1944, which carried it across the Vezouse and Moder Rivers, 18 November-10 December,
through Haguenau in spite of determined enemy resistance, and into the Siegfried Line, 17-20 December. The Division held a defensive line along the Lauter River, at Wissembourg from 20 December 1944 until 2 January 1945, when it withdrew to Maginot Line defenses. The German attempt to establish a bridgehead west of the Rhine at Gambsheim resulted in furious fighting. The 79th beat off German attacks at Hatten and Rittershoffen in an 11-day battle before withdrawing to new defensive positions south of Haguenau on the Moder River, 19 January 1945. The Division remained on the defensive along the Moder until 6 February 1945. After resting in February and March 1945, the Division returned to combat, 24 March 1945, crossed the Rhine, drove across the Rhine-Herne Canal, 7 April, secured the north bank of the Ruhr and took part in clearing the Ruhr Pocket until 13 April. The Division then went on occupation duty, in the Dortmund, Sudetenland, and Bavarian areas successively, until its return to the United States and inactivation.
Assignments in the ETO *
18 April 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army.
29 May 1944: Third Army but attached to VII Corps, First Army.
30 June 1944: Third Army, but attached to First Army.
1 July 1944: VIII Corps.
1 August 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
8 August 1944: XV Corps.
24 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to First Army.
26 August 1944: XV Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
29 August 1944: XII Corps.
7 September 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
29 September 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
25 November 1944: XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
5 December 1945: VI Corps.
6 February 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
17 February 1945: Seventh Army, 6th Army Group, but attached to the XVI Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
1 March 1945: XIII Corps.
7 March 1945: XVI Corps.
7 April 1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Cross of Lorraine Division. Shoulder patch: White bordered blue shield on which is superimposed a cross of Lorraine. Association: Brig. Gen. LeRoy H. Watson, Nurnberg Military Post, APO 696 c/o P. M., New York, N. Y. Publication: 79th Division; by unit members; Army & Navy Publishing Co., Baton Rouge 1, La.; 1946.
* See footnote, 1st Infantry Division.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]