World War I
Activated: August 1917.
Overseas: June 1918.
Major Operations: St. Mihiel, MeuseArgonne.
Casualties: Total-7,091 (KIA-980; WIA-6,111).
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (27 August 1917)
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (26 November 1917)
Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Hanson (24 December 1917)
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (29 December 1917)
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood (12 April 1918)
Brig. Gen. Frank L. Winn (1 June 1918)
Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (6 September 1918)
Maj. Gen. Frank L. Winn (12 November 1918).
Inactivated: May 1919.
World War II
Activated: 15 July 1942.
Overseas: 10 January 1945.
Campaigns: Rhineland, Central Europe.
Days of combat: 57.
Awards: DSM-1 ; SS-46; LM-5; SM-1 ; BSM-135 ; AM-17.
Maj. Gen. William H. Gill (July 1942-February 1943)
Maj. Gen. Thomas D. Finley (February 1943 to inactivation).
Returned to U. S.: 16 December 1945.
Inactivated: 27 December 1945.
The 89th Infantry Division landed in France at Le Havre, 21 January 1945, and engaged in several weeks of precombat training before moving up to the Sauer River into jump-off positions east of Echternach, 11 March 1945. The neat day, the offensive began, and the 89th plunged across the Sauer in a rapid advance to and across the Moselle, 17 March. The offensive rolled on, and the Division crossed the Rhine, 26 March, between the towns of Kestert and Kaub. In April, the 89th attacked toward Eisenach, taking that town, 6 April. The next objective was Friedrichroda, core of the vaunted Nazi Redoubt in Thuringia. The city was secured by 8 April. The Division continued to move eastward toward the Mulde River, capturing Zwickau by the 17th of the month. The advance was halted, 23 April, and from then until VE-day, the Division saw only limited action, engaging in patrolling and general security. Three towns, Lossnitz, Aue, and Stollberg, were kept under constant pressure, but no attacks were launched.
Assignments in the ETO *
21 January 1945: Fifteenth Army, 12th Army Group.
4 March 1945: XII Corps,
Third Army, 12th Army Group.
23 March 1945: VIII Corps.
22 April 1945: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
Nickname: Rolling W ; also called Middle West Division. Slogan: Get it done Shoulder patch: A black bordered khaki circle containing the letter "W" within a black bordered circle. Association: 89th Division Society of World War II, Box 2344, Roanoke, Va. Publications: 89th Infantry Division, 1942-45 ; by unit members; The Infantry Journal, Washington 6, D. C.; 1947. Rolling Ahead; by unit members; TI&E, ETOUSA; distributor, secretary, 89th Division Society of World War II ; 1947.
* See footnote, 1st Infantry Division.
[Nota Bene: These combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.]