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Lineages and Honors Information
Chemical

Lineage and Honors Information as of 9 July 2019

Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment
2d Chemical Battalion

  • Constituted 15 August 1917 in the Regular Army as the 30th Engineers (Gas and Flame)
  • Organized 30 August-28 November 1917 at Camp American University, Washington, D.C.
  • Converted and redesignated 13 July 1918 as the 1st Gas Regiment
  • (3d and 4th Battalions, 1st Gas Regiment, organized 24 October 1918 at Camp Sherman, Ohio; demobilized 15-20 December 1918 at Camp Sherman, Ohio)
  • Demobilized 28 February 1919 at Camp Kendrick, New Jersey
  • Reconstituted 24 February 1920 in the Regular Army as the 1st Gas Regiment and organized at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland
  • Redesignated 5 February 1929 as the 1st Chemical Regiment
  • Inactivated 15 April 1935 at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland
  • Disbanded 12 March 1942
  • Reconstituted 7 November 1951 in the Regular Army; concurrently, consolidated with 2d Chemical Mortar Battalion (active) (see ANNEX), and consolidated unit designated as the 2d Chemical Mortar Battalion
  • Reorganized and redesignated 23 January 1953 as the 2d Chemical Weapons Battalion
  • (Headquarters Company, 2d Chemical Weapons Battalion disbanded 16 January 1955 at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah)
  • Headquarters, 2d Chemical Weapons Battalion reorganized and redesignated 7 January 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2d Chemical Battalion (Companies A, B, and C concurrently disbanded at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 2d Chemical Battalion, inactivated 19 December 1973 at Fort McLellan, Alabama
  • Activated 1 September 1981 at Fort Hood, Texas
  • ANNEX
  • Constituted 25 March 1935 in the Regular Army as the 2d Separate Chemical Battalion
  • Activated 16 April 1935 (less companies B, C, D, and Medical Detachment) at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland
  • (Companies B, C, D, and Medical Detachment activated 1 April 1942 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina)
  • Reorganized and redesignated 7 September 1943 as the 2d Chemical Battalion, Motorized
  • Reorganized and redesignated 31 December 1944 as the 2d Chemical Mortar Battalion
  • Inactivated 26 July 1946 in Germany
  • Activated 1 February 1949 at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland

Campaign Participation Credit

  • World War I
  • Lys
  • Aisne-Marne
  • St. Mihel
  • Meuse-Argonne
  • Flanders 1918
  • Lorraine 1918
  • World War II
  • Sicily (with arrowhead)
  • Naples-Foggia (with arrowhead)
  • Rome-Arno
  • Southern France (with arrowhead)
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe
  • Korean War
  • UN Offensive
  • CCF Intervention
  • First UN Counteroffensive
  • CCF Spring Offensive
  • UN Summer-Fall Offensive
  • Second Korean Winter
  • Korea, Summer-Fall 1952
  • Third Korean Winter
  • Southwest Asia
  • Defense of Saudi Arabia
  • Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
  • Cease-Fire
  • Armed Forces Expeditions
  • Somalia

Decorations

  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered KUMHWA, KOREA
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Navy), Streamer embroidered WONJU-HWACHON
  • Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered SOUTHWEST ASIA 1990-1991
  • Navy Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered PANMUNJOM
  • Army Superior Unit Award, Streamer embroidered 2011-2013
  • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered DEFENSE OF KOREA

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

CHARLES R. BOWERY, JR.
Chief of Military History


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