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Lineage and Honors Information
Infantry

Lineage and Honors Information as of 6 February 2019

155th Infantry Regiment
(Mississippi Rifles)

  • Constituted 8 September 1798 as the Legions of Militia, Upper and Lower Districts, Mississippi Territory
  • Legion of Militia of the Lower or Southern District, Mississippi Territory, organized 25 October 1798 as the Militia of Adams County, under Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Clark and Major B. Osmun
  • Militia of Adams County reorganized and redesignated in 1802 as the 1st Regiment, Mississippi Territorial Militia, under Colonel B. Osmun
  • (A Detachment of 250 Dragoons and mounted infantry, 1st Regiment Mississippi Territorial Militia, under the command of Marjo F.L. Claiborne, in Federal service 4 – 17 October 1806 and 12 January – 11 February 1807)
  • 1st Detachment of Mississippi Volunteers, Colonel F.L. Claiborne commanding, ordered into Federal service 6 September 1812
  • Reorganized January 1813 as the 1st Regiment Mississippi United States Volunteers
  • Released from Federal service 27 April 1814 and reverted to Territorial control
  • Elements of the Mississippi Territorial Militia mustered into Federal service September 1814 – January 1815:
  • Regiment of Volunteer Mounted Gunmen, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Carson commanding
    Lieutenant Colonel D. Neilson’s Infantry Detachment
    Squadron of Light Dragoons, Lieutenant Colonel T. Hinds commanding
    Natchez Volunteer Rifle Corps, Captain J.C. Wilkins commanding
    Company of Volunteer Mounted Spies, Captain Boyle commanding
    Company of Choctaw Indians, Major J. P. Kennedy commanding
  • 1st Mississippi Infantry Regiment (Mississippi Rifles) organized in early 1846 and mustered into Federal service 3-15 June 1846 at Vicksburg and placed under the command of Colonel Jefferson Davis; mustered out of Federal service 9-12 June 1847
  • 1st Regiment of Militia, First Brigade, Army of Mississippi, organized 10 September 1861 at Iuka, commanded by Colonel J. M. Simonton
  • Surrendered 16 February 1862 to Union forces at Fort Donelson, Tennessee
  • After an exchange of prisoners, elements of the 1st Mississippi Infantry Regiment reorganized under the command of Colonel Simonton and made a part of Maury’s Division on 16 October 1862
  • Consolidated 7 January 1863 with the 39th Mississippi Infantry Regiment (commanded by Colonel W. B. Shelby), consolidated unit designated as 1st Mississippi Infantry Regiment and assigned to General Beall’s Brigade
  • Surrendered 8 July 1863 to Union Forces at Port Hudson, Louisiana (non-commissioned officers and enlisted men paroled)
  • Reorganized under command of Captain J. M. Peeler ordered to report 27 May 1864 at Meridian
  • Consolidated 9 April 1865 with the 22d and 33d Mississippi Infantry Regiments and the 1st Battalion of Mississippi Sharpshooters, and consolidated unit designated as the 22d Mississippi Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel M. A. Oatis
  • Surrendered 26 April 1865 near Durham Station, North Carolina, and subsequently paroled to Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Mississippi Militia reorganized in 1876 with the formation of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Infantry Regiments
  • (Mississippi Militia redesignated 3 March 1888 as Mississippi National Guard)
  • Mustered into Federal service 16 May-4 August 1898 at Jackson as the 1st, 2d, and 3d Mississippi Volunteer Infantry Regiments
  • Mustered out of Federal service 20 December 1898-17 March 1899 at Columbia, Tennessee, and Albany, Georgia
  • 1st Infantry Regiment consolidated 18 April 1906 with the 2d and 3d Infantry Regiments and designated as the 2d and 3d Infantry Regiments
  • Reorganized 20 May 1914 to form the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, and 5th Independent Battalions of Infantry
  • 1st, 2d, 4th, and 5th Independent Battalions of Infantry and the 1st Independent Company of Infantry called into Federal service 18 June 1916 at Jackson; reorganized 20 June 1916 to form the 1st Infantry and mustered into Federal service; mustered out 27 March 1917
  • Called into Federal service 27 March 1917; drafted into Federal service 5 August 1917
  • Redesignated 27 September 1917 as the 155th Infantry and assigned to the 39th Division
  • Demobilized 23 January 1919 at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana
  • Reorganized during 1919-1920 in the Mississippi National Guard as the 1st Infantry
  • Redesignated 14 December 1921 as the 155th Infantry and assigned to the 39th Division; Headquarters Federally recognized 25 April 1923
  • Relieved 1 July 1923 from assignment to the 39th Division and assigned to the 31st Division (later redesignated as the 31st Infantry Division)
  • Inducted into Federal service 25 November 1940 at home stations
  • Inactivated 12 December 1945 at Camp Stoneman, California
  • Reorganized and Federally recognized 22 October 1946 in the Mississippi National Guard with Headquarters at Canton, and remained assigned to the 31st Infantry Division
  • Ordered into active Federal service 16 January 1951 at home stations
  • (155th Infantry [NGUS] organized and Federally recognized 19 January 1953 with Headquarters at Canton)
  • Released 15 June 1954 from active Federal service and reverted to state control; Federal recognition concurrently withdrawn from the 155th Infantry (NGUS)
  • (Location of Headquarters changed 1 August 1956 to Natchez)
  • Reorganized 1 May 1959 as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System, to consist of the 1st and 2d Battle Groups, elements of the 31st Infantry Division
  • 1st and 2d Battle Groups ordered into active Federal service 30 September 1962 at home stations; Companies B, C, and 3d Platoon, Company E, 1st Battle Group released 5 October 1962 from active Federal service and revered to State control; 1st Battle Group (Companies B, C, and 3d Platoon, Company E) and 2d Battle Group released 16 October 1962 from active Federal service and reverted to state control
  • Reorganized 1 May 1963 to consist of the 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, elements of the 31st Infantry Division
  • Reorganized 15 February 1968 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 30th Armored Division
  • Relieved 1 November 1973 from assignment to the 30th Armored Division and assigned to the 155th Armored Brigade
  • Ordered into active Federal service 7 December 1990 at home stations; released from active Federal service 10 May 1991 and reverted to state control1
  • Ordered into active Federal service 21 August 2004 at home stations; released from active Federal service 26 February 2006 and reverted to state control2
  • Redesignated 1 October 2005 as the 155th Infantry Regiment
  • Reorganized 1 September 2006 to consist of the 1st Battalion, an element of the 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team3
  • Ordered into active Federal service 1 May 2009 at home stations; released from active Federal service 4 June 2010 and reverted to state control

Campaign Participation Credit

  • Indian Wars
  • Creeks
  • War of 1812
  • Florida 1814
  • New Orleans
  • Mexican War
  • Monterey
  • Buena Vista
  • Civil War (Confederate Service)
  • Henry and Donelson
  • Mississippi River
  • Vicksburg
  • Atlanta
  • Franklin
  • Nashville
  • Alabama 1865
  • Louisiana 1862
  • Mississippi 1864
  • North Carolina 1865
  • World War I
  • Streamer without inscription
  • World War II
  • New Guinea (with arrowhead)
  • Southern Philippines
  • War on Terrorism
  • Iraq:
  • Iraqi Sovereignty
  • (Additional campaigns to be determined)

Decorations

  • Navy Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered IRAQ 2005-2006 (earned by 1st Battalion)
  • Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 17 OCTOBER TO 4 JULY 1945

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

CHARLES R. BOWERY, JR.
Chief of Military History


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