COMMANDING GENERALS

AND

CHIEFS OF STAFF
1775-2005


Portraits & Biographical Sketches
of the
United States Army's Senior Officer


William Gardner Bell

Image, War Department Seal 

CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY
UNITED STATES ARMY
WASHINGTON, D.C., 2005


Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

Bell, William Gardner.

.....Commanding generals and chiefs of staff, 1775-2005: portraits & biographical sketches of the United States Army's senior officer/ by William Gardner Bell.
.....p.cm
.....1. Generals-United States-Biography. 2. United States. Dept. of the Army. General Staff-Biography. 3. United States. Army-Biography. 4. United States-History, Military. I. Center of Military History. II. Title.

E181.B53 2005
355'.0092'273-dc22
[B]

2005047145

First Printed 1983-CMH Pub 70–14

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Internet: bookstore.gop.gov Phone: toll free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800
Fax: (202) 512-2250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

ISBN 0–16–072376–0


 
Page
FOREWORD
v
AUTHOR
vi
PREFACE TO 1ST EDITION
vii
ARMY PORTRAITS
x
INTRODUCTION
1

 

Commanding Generals, 1775–1903 

Page
George Washington (first tour)
52
Henry Knox
54
John Doughty
56
Josiah Harmar
58
Arthur St. Clair
60
Anthony Wayne
62
James Wilkinson (first tour)
64
George Washington (second tour)
66
Alexander Hamilton
68
James Wilkinson (second tour)
70
Henry Dearborn
72
Jacob Jennings Brown
74
Alexander Macomb
76
Winfield Scott
78
George Brinton McClellan
80
Henry Wager Halleck
82
Ulysses Simpson Grant
84
William Tecumseh Sherman
86
Philip Henry Sheridan
88
John McAllister Schofield
90
Nelson Appleton Miles
92

 

Chiefs of Staff, 1903–2005
Page
Samuel Baldwin Marks Young
96
Adna Romanza Chaffee
98
John Coalter Bates
100
James Franklin Bell
102
Leonard Wood
104
William Wallace Wotherspoon
106
Hugh Lenox Scott
108
Tasker Howard Bliss
110
Peyton Conway March
112
John Joseph Pershing
114
John Leonard Hines
116
Charles Pelot Summerall
118
Douglas MacArthur
120
Malin Craig
122
George Catlett Marshall
124
Dwight David Eisenhower
126
Omar Nelson Bradley
128
Joseph Lawton Collins
130
Matthew Bunker Ridgway
130
Maxwell Davenport Taylor
134
Lyman Louis Lemnitzer
136
George Henry Decker
138
Earle Gilmore Wheeler
140
Harold Keith Johnson
142
William Childs Westmoreland
144
Bruce Palmer, Jr.
146
Creighton Williams Abrams, Jr.
148
Frederick Carlton Weyand
150
Bernard William Rogers
152
Edward Charles Meyer
154
John Adams Wickham, Jr.
156
Carl Edward Vuono
158
Gordon Russell Sullivan
160
Dennis Joe Reimer
162
Eric Ken Shinseki
164
Peter Jan Schoomaker
166
 
 
Appendices and Bibliographies
 
Appendix A. Chronological List of Chief Executive Authorities, Departmental Secretaries, and Senior Officers
171
Appendix B. Chronological List of Senior Officers of the United States Army
178
General Bibliography
180
Bibliography of Senior Officers
183
 
 
 
List of Introductory Illustrations
 
Page
George Washington
2
Facsimile of Washington’s commission
2
Washington in the field
4
Benjamin Lincoln
5
Henry Knox
6
Andrew Jackson
10
John C. Calhoun
11
Winfield Scott
12
Edmund P. Gaines
12
Alexander Macomb
N/A
Abraham Lincoln
17
Andrew Johnson
20
Edwin M. Stanton
20
William T. Sherman
22
Philip H. Sheridan
22
Nelson A. Miles
22
John M. Schofield
25
Elihu Root
28
General Staff Selection Board
30
Members of the General Staff
32
Fred C. Ainsworth
33
Leonard Wood
33
Peyton C. March and Newton D. Baker
35
Henry L. Stimson
37
George C. Marshall
37
George Washington
38
Ulysses S. Grant
38
Dwight D. Eisenhower
38
The Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1950
40
Matthew B. Ridgway
41
Maxwell D. Taylor
41
Robert S. McNamara
42
William C. Westmoreland
43
Peter J. Schoomaker
44

 


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Last updated 31 July 2006